Jacques Cousteau was a world famous undersea explorer, scientist, photographer, author, and ecologist famous for bringing knowledge and knowledge of the aquatic world to millions of people. In his lifetime he made over 120 documentaries, won four Oscars and ten Emmys. He also published 50 books and founded an environmental protection foundation. He was likewise the co-discoverer of the Aqua-Lung. These eventually led to the creation of today’s modern scuba diving equipment. His aquatic research was pivotal in the evolution of the environmental movement. Try : drop camera reviews.
Unanimously regarded today as the most famous undersea explorer in the world, Cousteau authored dozens of books, a 21 volume ‘Ocean World …’ encyclopedia and produced several feature films during a career that spanned nearly 50 decades. He is also credited with being a co-inventor of the first underwater breathing apparatus and a pioneer in underwater photography and film techniques that are still in use today.
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Nicknamed ‘le Commandant Cousteau’ or’ Captain Cousteau’ Jacques-Yves Cousteau was born in 1910 in France, joining the naval academy in 1930 where he eventually became a gunnery officer. Whilst training as a pilot he suffered a car accident which meant he couldn’t continue with a career in naval aviation and he turned his attentions to the ocean. He began to carry out underwater experiments for which he used Fernez underwater goggles. These initial experiments led to a wish to be able to explore underwater for longer and with more ease of movement. As a result he co-developed the Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA) in 1943 with engineer Emile Gagnan, a groundbreaking moment in underwater exploration. Over the next forty years Cousteau conducted research with his colleagues, Tailliez and Frederic using a modified mine sweeper called Calypso. His two sons from his first marriage joined him on a large number of his expeditions. For anybody who is considering jacques cousteau; find out more about Deeptrekker.com.
Further research and experimentation with colleagues led to improvements of the Aqua-Lung, the design of a wind powered Turbosail and eventually the introduction of the ship Alcyone which was used for many expeditions. In conjunction with Jean Mollard he constructed a diving saucer, an underwater vehicle that was able to find a depth of 350 metres. By 1965 he had achieved a depth of 500 metres with two subsequent underwater vehicles. Cousteau was accurately able to anticipate the echolocation abilities of porpoises, later confirmed by scientists. These ideas were published in his first book, the Silent World in 1953. He won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 1956 for the film of the same name.
Cousteau formed The Cousteau Society in 1974 in order to build a formal organisation to safeguard the environment and later the Foundation Cousteau in 1981. The efficacy of Cousteau and these organisations was apparent, when in 1990 he led a successful campaign to save Antarctica from mineral exploitation. In 1977 the United Nations awarded him the International Environmental Prize and by 1988 he joined the UN Environmental Programme’s Global 500 Roll of Honour of Environmental Protection. Jacques Cousteau was also made a chevalier of the Legion of Honour in recognition of his service to the Resistance and was made an Officer and later a Commandeur in appreciation of the contributions he paid to the scientific world.