Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

Opinions And Ideas About Steel Machining

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Steel fabrication is a complicated process. There are different types of steel alloys that are described in the market and they’re different in composition and nature. Therefore, when you’re talking about the steel fabrication, you’re actually thinking about a range of options. Often, the austenitic stainless steel is regarded as the best option because it has the higher work harden rate and therefore, it can be really useful. Also, this alloy has less sulphur and other non metallic elements that thereby, this is ideal option to be employed in the corrosive atmosphere.

However, one of the problems associated with the austenitic steel is that it isn’t suitable for machines. Well, there are free machine versions of this alloy available in the market. But, there are some problems with these versions. First of all, these versions have higher amount of sulphur in them. Therefore, they just become more corrosive. Also, the high amount of sulphur makes these versions difficult to be used in tight radius situations.

So, what does that mean?

Anyways, a welcome alternative has come out of late. This is called the improved machinability. The version includes the 304 and 316 Grades. The good thing with this version is that it’s manufactured by proprietary steel melting technologies. There is enough chip breaking features that improve the machinability of the steel considerably, as a result. At the same time, they retain the good qualifications of the austenitic steel. Therefore, you can still weld these alloys, and they’re considerably corrosion resistant. This version is initiated in the market with different names. However, they have 20% better machine speed which is still a considerable improvement.

The next important point is the difficulty of machining the alloy. Generally, the austenitic stainless steel is a problem for the majority of operators. In fact, the difficulty of using machine on this type has given rise to the grade 303 which is a free machine version. Well, there are plenty of similar options for the martensitic and Ferritic steels as well. In most of the cases, these machine free versions include manganese sulphide. They act as the chip breakers and thereby improve the outcome of using machines on them.

However, one must note in this respect, that the free machine grades have low corrosion resistance when in relation to the other versions. This is because these versions include non metallic elements in them and therefore, these alloys should never be used in corrosive environment like marine exposure. Also, the free machine grades have high level of sulphur that reduces the ductility of the alloy. So, you cannot bend them around a tight radius. They also become very difficult to weld. So, they shouldn’t be chosen for welded fabrication as well.

Anyways, machining the stainless steel is very important in the case of achieving the type of effect that you want to include in your fabrication. So, there are several techniques that the professionals must follow to make sure that the machining produces something strong, useful and aesthetically pleasing. For that, they generally follow a number of the rules.

CNC Machine shop: The CNC milling department has state of the art technology. It can machine any machinable material like stainless steel, carbon steels, alloy steels, delrin, G10, polycarbonate and nylon, ABS, and the likes. CNC machining uses only the best software program and high-end equipment.

The most important factor which they are required to check out is that the means that they’re using is firm and in working condition. They shouldn’t create vibration and the tip of the machine should be sharp. The operators is required to ensure that the blades are sharpened as soon as the sign of blunt edges are identified. Grinded wheels too, should be carefully maintained. Ideally, the professionals should use large tools as that will dissipate the heat. The tool shouldn’t keep on rubbing the work and constant feeds must be provided.

Written by Jayne

June 23rd, 2015 at 5:44 am

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Why do We Need Vitamin A?

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Vitamin a is the first vitamin that was found by the doctors and that’s why it is named with the first letter of the alphabet. It is really important for the skin, hair, teeth, bones and good sight. Without enough vitamin A human organism is prone to infections.


Carrots are full with vitamin A

This vitamin is one of the most active antioxidants and it helps for protection of the skin from the harmful sun rays. It is really important for healing acne and small wrinkles. It is known that vitamin A helps from some types of cancer and it lowers the level of blood cholesterol also it reduces the risk of heart diseases.

Symptoms if you lack Vitamin A

For our luck, people import enough vitamin A through the food. But, there are people who lack vitamin A this people probably suffer from cancer, tuberculosis, pneumonia, chronic diseases of the kidneys and prostate diseases.

Some of the symptoms for deficit of vitamin A are:

Prone to virus infections
Night blindness
Hair loss
Loss of appetite
Bone problems

Recommended daily need of vitamin A

Kids (less than 3 years) – 300 µg
Kids (4-8 years) – 400 µg
Kids (9 – 13 years) – 600 µg
Teenagers (14-18 years) – 900µg
Adults (19 and more) 900µg
Pregnant women – 750 µg

Food rich with vitamin A

Vitamin a can be found in many types of food:

Food rich with vitamin A is liver, eggs, milk and milk products, tuna fish, dark green and yellow vegetables, carrot, melon, potatoes and many other foods.

Written by Georgina

October 5th, 2013 at 8:02 pm

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Benefits of sleeping early

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Every day and every night I plan to go to bed early. But it is very difficult to force myself to bed. We all know that going to bed early and waking up early has many health benefits. But as life has gotten tougher and we have become busy with our day to day activities, we often neglect the importance of proper night sleep.

Here are a few health benefits of sleeping early  that would encourage you to actually go to bed early.

Do you know that when you go to bed late, your body may have a high BP and your risks and chances of having a heart diseases increases? Your heart would stay healthy if you get enough sleep.

Not only does a proper night’s sleep keep you fresh all day but it also helps relieve stress at many levels and make you more attentive, and keeps and makes you feel more active.

Good night sleep improves your thought processes and also improves you memory.

Proper early sleep works to improve your body’s routine cycle and helps in protecting and preventing you from different life threatening diseases caused by stress.

When you sleep early, you’ll wake up early and it is quite obvious that you get time for yourself. In this extra time, you can eat your breakfast which is very important for proper health. You will also find time for jogging and exercise.

Proper sleep will make you more creative, your capabilities would be increased and you will do things more nicely.

Sleeping for eight to ten hours help you maintain your metabolic rate and also your weight.


Written by Jayne

August 19th, 2013 at 12:16 pm

Purple Boysenberries

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Boysenberries are actually very popular berries and are not found in every grocery store, but finding these purple berries is worth it. These are sweet, tasty and have amazing health benefits that you may not even know about. Look at the following facts about Boysenberries.

A cup of frozen boysenberries contains the following in the following amount:

Calories 66

Protein 1.45 grams

Fiber 7 grams

Minerals in boysenberries:

Following is a list of minerals that are found in boysenberries while some are present in very low amount:

Potassium – 183 mg

Phosphorus – 36 mg

Magnesium – 21 mg

Calcium – 36 mg

Sodium – 1 mg

Iron – 1.12 mg

Selenium 0.3 mcg

Manganese – 0.722 mg

Copper – 0.106 mg

Zinc – 0.29 mg

Also contains small amounts of other minerals.

Vitamins in boysenberries:

Following is a list of vitamins that are found while some are present in very low amount:

Vitamin A – 88 IU

Vitamin B1 (thiamine) – 0.07 mg

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) – 0.049 mg

Niacin – 1.012 mg

Folate – 83 mcg

Pantothenic Acid – 0.33 mg

Vitamin B6 – 0.074 mg

Vitamin C – 4.1 mg

Vitamin E – 1.15 mg

Vitamin K – 10.3 mcg

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Health benefits of boysenberries:

These are rich in fiber content. Fibers help in not only digestion and prevent you from constipation, but also in keeping clear your vessels.

They are enriched with folate and vitamin B. Both of which are necessary for the process involved in the synthesis of energy and also blood cells.

These are also rich in vitamin E which is very important for the body.

Written by Jayne

July 29th, 2013 at 10:20 am

Morning sickness

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What is it??

During the first trimester of the pregnancy, a woman experiences episodes of nausea and vomiting which are collectively known as morning sickness. It may also be known as emesis gravidarum.

What is the cause?

the causes include:

  • High estrogen levels
  • Low blood sugar
  • Increased progesterone levels in the blood (may cause gastroesophageal reflux)
  • stress
  • Increased levels of HCG (hormone) which may stimulate estrogen release
  • Increased bilirubin levels
  • Increased sensitivity to odors


It is absolutely normal to have morning sickness and it causes no harm to the mother or baby unless too severe. No metabolic derangements are seen.

Most of the people call this condition as the first sign of pregnancy.

What will you experience?

Most of the women report that they are unable to enjoy sensory stimuli related to vision, taste, smell and touch.

A morning sickness may present at any time of day and not only specifically morning.

A few women may lose pounds and become dehydrated.

The condition usually improves as the pregnancy progresses.

Living with:

No medical is required treatment is required if the condition is normal.

What should be done:

  • Smaller meals should be taken
  • Weak tea and biscuits to kill cravings
  • Drink loads of water (up to 6-8 glasses per day)
  • Eat when hungry only
  • Do not skip meals and don’t keep yourself starving
  • Ginger tea or a lemonade may be a good as drinks


Morning sickness is considered to be a kind of defense mechanism, which protects the fetus against any toxins that have been ingested by the mother.

Written by Marta

July 21st, 2013 at 7:27 am

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Sickle cell anemia

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What is sickle cell anemia??

Normal red blood cells have a biconcave shape that guarantees their pliability. The human body has blood vessels of different diameters; and the pliability with a biconcave shape of an RBC, makes it easy for them to pass through the narrowest vessels (like capillaries with a diameter less than an RBC itself) easily.

Sickle cell disease is a disease of RBCs that gives them the shape of a sickle. This debilitating genetic disease renders the sufferer with RBCs of crescent shape that lose their flexibility and become sticky and stiff.

Usually, even the affected people carry normal RBCs in their blood. As the normal oxygen concentration of the body falls due to certain reasons (e.g moving towards high altitude), the blood cells lose their normal shape and resemble a crescent.

So why do RBCs acquire a crescent shape? It’s because they have a defective hemoglobin which in low levels of oxygen forms solid chains in RBC that resemble a crescent with poor oxygen carrying and circulating ability.

The disease comes when both the parents give their defective genes to the offspring. One defective gene will only give what’s called a “sickle cell trait”

Signs and symptoms:

–         Anemia (with associated symptoms)

–         Delayed growth

–         Vision problems

–         Enlarged spleen

–         Frequent infections

–         Severe sudden abdominal pain

–         Pallor

–         Hand and feet swelling

–         Headaches

–         Shortness of breadth

The sickle cells block blood vessels and cause decreased blood flow which means damage, to the organ.


Mainly, oxygen therapy.

Hydroxyurea- a drug that stimulates production of fetal hemoglobin prevents sickling.

Pain killers and antibiotics.

A bone marrow transplant may also work.

Written by Marta

July 21st, 2013 at 7:03 am

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Anorexia Alert

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Teenagers especially girls are always very conscious about their weight and shape which is why, eating disorders are quite common among them. Statistics show a very high rate of occurrence of anorexia nervosa, which is a mental eating disorder in juvenile women.

How is anorexia represented?

Anorexia shows the following manifestations:

Extreme loss of weight

Severe loss of appetite

Imagine a girl with anorexia. You will see a very lean person who has lost considerable amount of weight but still considers herself overweight. She is in a self-starvation state an because of this, the body has started using her body fat as a source of energy.

Just like this girl who is suffering from anorexia, anorexia patients show the following symptoms:

•              Many pounds of weight is lost

•              The patient fails to maintain the weight that is ideal for them

•              The patient is afraid of gaining weight

•              The patient becomes weak and very lean

•              The patient assumes themselves as overweight and becomes sad on this thought

•              They become sadder and feel bad about themselves because the way they look affects how they feel.

How anorexia nervosa affects the body?

Think of your body getting no nutrient from diet because you are not eating as much as you should. What will happen? The body has to get energy and nutrient from somewhere and so it starts breaking down your fat stores. So in this energy saving mode, the normal functions of the body are hampered. That person comes with:

Slow pulse rate

Low Blood Pressure

Loss of muscles

Weak bones

Getting easily fatigued

Showing weakness


If you see any person around you with this eating disorder, you should report this to a doctor immediately.


Written by Marta

July 8th, 2013 at 6:38 am

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Tips on hepatitis B

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The signs and symptoms of hepatitis B could range from mild to severe depending on the severity of the disease and the time of exposure or infection by the hepatitis virus. These symptoms could appear in about a couple of months after exposure to the infection. These are some of the signs and symptoms of hepatitis B virus;

Abdominal pain; this is usually one of the accompanying signs and symptom of the disease and the pain intensity could from mild to severe abdominal pain.

Dark urine; the urine color usually gets darker in the course of the infection which, is one of the signs and symptoms of the disease.

Loss of appetite; anorexia is another symptom as a result of hepatitis B infection.

Nausea and vomiting; Nausea is another accompanying symptom that could be accompanied by vomiting.

Generalized body weakness and fatigue; as a result of this infection, the human body becomes very weak and malaise would follow.

Jaundice; at severe cases your skin gets yellow and the whites of your eyes get yellow as well.

Sometimes you will never see any visible symptoms and could only be detected via some blood tests.



Chronic hepatitis is a progressive disease that could cause hardening of the liver cirrhosis and if not treated liver cancer could occur. So it is very important for one to know and be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of the same such that early detection and interventions could be facilitated.




Written by Greg

April 19th, 2013 at 6:08 am

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It’s Picnic Time!

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Summer is just about here and families are beginning to head outdoors for sports, hiking, swimming and of course, picnics! Whether it’s a simple family picnic at the park or a romantic event for two there is something magical about finding that perfect spot underneath a shady tree, spreading out the blanket and enjoying a meal outside with a nice cool breeze, the sounds of children playing and your bare feet in the grass.

Enjoy the outdoors this summer safely by making sure that your picnic foods are kept cold and properly stored. Food left out, particularly foods containing mayonnaise can spoil quickly, resulting in food poisoning, which is no fun at all. When bringing home leftovers be aware that if the ice you kept your food cold with is melted, the food should not be eaten and should be thrown away.

Make sure you pack sunscreen and a first aid kit if you are going to be trekking anywhere and possibly insect repellent. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water and remember to keep any fruit juices cold and out of the sun. Better yet, freeze them; they will stay cold longer and help keep other foods chilled.


Avoid sticky, messy foods if possible, they attract bees and create more cleanup. Opt for low-mess finger foods and sweets that won’t melt or go bad quickly. Opt for lightweight cutlery and containers, especially if you have to hike to where you are going. While picnic baskets look nice they are bulky and heavy, try using insulated totes that can fold up after you are done with them. Don’t bring too much food; you don’t want to have to carry it back!

With a little planning and imagination, you can enjoy the perfect outdoor feast, creating fond summer memories for you and your family.

Written by Georgina

April 17th, 2013 at 1:58 pm

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When should your Baby begin eating solid foods?

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One question I hear a lot of new parents ask is when they should start feeding their baby solid foods. There seems to be conflicting information depending on what generation you are posing that question too. My Mother insists that I had to start eating solid foods by the time I was two months old because the bottle was not enough for me. I had similar advice from other Moms in that age group, that solid foods should start being introduced at two to four months old or the baby would be hungry and not get enough calories.

On the opposite end of the spectrum were Moms that insisted a baby has no need for solid foods until at least nine months of age and that it should be put off for as long as possible, and that starting solids too early could cause obesity and food allergies. Talk about confusing! Of course I asked my pediatrician for the answer and was told that four to six months is a reasonable time to introduce solid foods to a baby. Some babies are ready for food earlier than others.

If your baby is showing interest in what you are eating and is able to take a bite without pushing the food out with his or her toungue and has doubled birthweight then it is probably time to start solid food.


Written by Georgina

April 16th, 2013 at 1:30 pm

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The Importance of the Family Meal

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Families are busier today than ever before, whether both parents are working or a single parent family, not to mention afterschool sports and other activities, life is hectic. It seems there are just not enough hours in the day to get everything done. Corners are often cut and one of the things that suffer is mealtime. Eating is no longer the leisurelysit down event that it once was. Often times a family will go days or even weeks without sitting down and eating together. Some families schedules are so conflicting that they have done away with the family meal altogether. Even when families do manage to sit down and eat a meal together, there are often distractions such as the television, phones ringing or texting. It can be hard to connect and focus on one another.

Research has shown that families who share regular meals together report feeling closer and more connected. Children of families who have sit down meals together throughout the week get better grades in school and have fewer problems such as drug use and depression. It may be hard to believe that such a simple thing as just sitting down and eating dinner together a few times a week can have such an impact but it has been shown that it does.

If you are in the habit of eating on the run, or in front of the television you may want to consider a mealtime makeover. Sit down with your schedule and see if you can find an hour or two a couple times a week where everyone is home and can eat a meal together. It does not even have to be dinner, it can just as easily be breakfast or lunch. If your children are gone at sports or other activities every single night you might want to consider the fact that they are overscheduled. It may not seem like it, but simple, quality time with their parents is more important than participating in every extracurricular activity possible. Look in to the option of scaling down and slowing down.

Your first few family meals may feel awkward at first, even tense. This will pass as your family gets in the habit of doing it. If you can enlist your children in the meal preparations, so much the better. The kids may resist at first (and so might you) but keep at it. The benefits of this simple activity are proven. It doesn’t cost extra money or anything fancy. It doesn’t matter what the meal is, what matters is that your family is together in one place at one time.


Written by Georgina

April 16th, 2013 at 1:27 pm

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Management of diabetes

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Diabetes is a chronic health situation, in which there is a high-level of glucose in the blood. There are basically two types of this condition, based on the pathogenesis. So many factors such as nutrition, weight and others have been associated with this condition

Diabetes to also believed to have some genetic origin, in a situation where by a member of the family is affected, the condition can be transferred from one generation to another.

There are three major ways or methods that have been proved to be effective as far as managing this disease is concerned. They include diet , exercise and medication. Healthy eating is very important as far as controlling diabetes in concerned. How much one eats ,the time and the type of food eating is also another determinant factor in regulating your blood sugar level. One needs to have a set time or a schedule for eating that they will stick to and then to ensure that they eat a well balance diet with all the nutrients present and at controlled quantity as overfeeding could have a negative effect as far management of the disease is concerned.

Exercise is also very vital for the diabetic patients and so one needs to talk to their doctors on the type of exercises and when to do them as this could greatly affect the levels of the glucose in the blood. Some exercises are strenuous and might not be recommended for particular patients while some are less stressful and in-addition it is important for one to stay hydrated and maybe take some small snacks in between the exercise in-case the blood sugar goes down below normal levels.


The common medication for diabetes on insulin depending on the type of diabetes and other drugs that are able to lower your levels of glucose down to normal levels and so it is important for one to discuss with their doctors on the right choice of medication.


Written by Greg

April 15th, 2013 at 6:52 pm